As Thomas Hardy said that ‘the wars make good rattling history, but peace is poor reading’. This proves to be true in the case of the cold war also. Wars have a history of devastation, violence, bloodshed, and destruction since ages. Many such histories have been created by the two World Wars.
However cold war has created history without the involvement of weapons. It has got this name as “Cold War” because of its noninvolvement of weapons, arms, and ammunition, however, it didn’t fail to affect the world as other wars.
What is Cold War?
Cold War is a prevailing war-like condition but not actually war which is fought with weapons and has bloodsheds. It was a struggle of ideology, economy, and geopolitical spaces or entity between the two supreme superpowers of the world, USA and its allies and the Soviet Union and its satellite states.
Period of the Cold War
World War II not only brought massive destruction and harmed lives and sentiments of people, but it also had other war effects that created a war-like situation which is prevalent till date, the cold war is one such effect. The period of 1947 to 1991 was the era of the cold war.
How did the Cold War Start?
As the warfare of the Second World War rested and the war came to an end, most of the eastern central European countries were captured by the Soviet Union and the formation of USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republic) took place with its satellite states.
Satellite states were officially independent states but were under heavy political, economic and military control by other countries which were more powerful.
In the Second World War Soviet states lost millions and millions of lives and thus they were facing the deficiency of manpower and had fewer workforces however their leader Joseph Stalin was determined not to bend down and were adamant with his quest to keep his nation secured. The idea of rebuilding Europe, differing political opinions and the devastations of war brought in the worse conditions and paved the way for the cold war to come in.
When did the Cold War end?
On 26th December 1991, the Soviet Union was disintegrated and with that, the Cold war came to an end. Post Cold War the world became unipolar with the USA as the only central supreme power. With this, the hegemony of the United States began.
Effects of the Cold War
After the end of cold war Russia faced a huge financial crisis, the condition was similar to the great depression of Europe in the 1930s.
The effects of the cold war are felt throughout the world till date as the world is facing war-like conditions even today and the worst part is, the threat of destruction is growing more and more with the passing time. Every country wants to have nuclear weapons and strong arms and ammunitions. The developed countries can, of course, afford it but the developing countries, on one hand, invest a huge amount of the income into this and on the other hand, the poor people are dying due to the deficiency of the basic needs, this is the irony of the world.
Countries like Japan have very minimal natural resources and is very prone to natural disasters still it is flourishing and has a good economy. It also does not invest hugely into weapons. It works on manpower and values human resources. This sets an example for other countries to come out of the warrior mindset and apprehend peace.
Cold war, however, has some positive effects also. It has brought deterrence due to which every country knows about the power of other so they try to “talk” and resolve the conflicts than to opt for war and thus has developed rational thinking which had lead to the formation of institutions like UNO and others.